The cumulative projects, which led to the writing of this handbook, would not have materialised without the support of many agencies and the guidance of special individuals. The authors would like to thank the Asia Pacific Telecommunity (APT) for providing the grant to write and publish this handbook. The work done and reflected upon in the handbook is an accumulation of years of experience, on various fields of knowledge, and interactions with numerous people across many countries in Asia Pacific. The authors are deeply grateful for the opportunities provided by Telecommunication Technology Committee (TTC) Japan and its working group on Bridging Standardisation Gap (BSG) by many of its gracious officers, especially, Mr Yoichi Maeda, Dr. Hideyuki Iwata, Mr Masatoshi Mano, and many others, over a period of many years, that have enabled the development of research in various remote and rural communities in South East Asia. The authors were also guided through the work of various experts in the field, namely Associate Prof. Dr. Asanee Kawtrakul, Dr. Anan Pussitigul, Prof. Dr. Gregory Tangonan, Associate Prof. Dr Nathaniel Joseph Libatique, Prof. Dr. Khairuddin Ab Hamid, the late Prof. Dr. Suwido Limin and the esteemed Dr. Yuji Inoue, the fore-father of SHARE. The authors would also like to thank all the universities which they represent – Kasetsart University Thailand, Ateneo de Manila University in the Philippines, Universitas Palangkaraya in Indonesia, Vietnam’s Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, University Malaysia of Computer Science and Engineering, and Universiti Malaysia Sarawak in Malaysia. Without the continuous support from the universities, none of the work with remote and rural communities in these countries would have been possible. The government agencies and local authorities in each country have also played a part in making these ICT rural communities across Asia Pacific happen.